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Americans, Britons and Australians Feel Safe in Their Job

In 2003, Australians are more confidant in the security of their jobs and the opportunities to find new employment in comparison to last year. Over three-quarters (79%, up 4%) of Australians feel confident that their present job is safe, with 20% saying there is a chance of unemployment and 1% unable to say. Even if they were to become unemployed, 66% (up 12%) of Australians think that they will be able to find a new job fairly quickly.

A similar positive outlook is in Britain, the United States and New Zealand. In Britain, 85% (up 9%) of people think that their present job is safe and if they were to become unemployed, 71% (up 10%) think that they would find a new job quickly. In the United States 81% (up 2%) feel confident that they will keep their job in 2003, as do 81% (down 3%) of New Zealanders. If they became unemployed, 67% (up 9%) of New Zealanders and 64% (up 5%) of Americans think they could find work quickly.

In contrast to this confidence, only 30% (down 1%) of Japanese believe that their job is safe and if they became unemployed just 9% think that they would be able to find a new job quickly.

Australians are feeling more optimistic about employment in 2003, with 56% (up 16%) saying unemployment will fall or stay the same (19% say fall, 36% say stay the same, 1% couldn't say) while 44% (down 16% since last year) expect unemployment to rise. Yet, New Zealanders, Russians and Americans have an even more positive outlook with 63% (down 1%) of New Zealanders, 62% of Russians and 57% (up 6%) of Americans believing that unemployment will fall or remain the same in 2003.

In contrast to this optimism, 79% (up 11%) of people from the Netherlands, 77% (up 18%) of Indians 72% (down 4%) of those from Zimbabwe and 70% (down 7%) of Japanese expect unemployment to rise in 2003. Similarly, two-thirds of Koreans (66%, up 2%) also think that unemployment will increase.

These findings come from a special International Gallup Survey on the year ahead. In Australia, Roy Morgan International interviewed a nation-wide cross-section of 623 men and women aged 14 or over on December 4- 6, 2002 by telephone, while in New Zealand 921 men and women aged 14 or over were interviewed by telephone on November 21-23 and November 28-December 2, 2001.

Similar surveys were conducted in 56 other countries by Gallup International affiliates.

Sample:

Roy Morgan International Poll sampling tolerance:

The margin of error to be allowed for in any estimate depends mainly on the number of interviews on which it is based. The following table gives indications of the likely range within which estimates would be 95% likely to fall, expressed as the number of percentage points above or below the actual estimate. The figures are approximate and for general guidance only, and assume a simple random sample. Allowance for design effects should be made as appropriate.

Sample size
Percentage estimate
 
25-75%
10% or 90%
5% or 95%
500
±4 1/2
±3
±2

Index

  1. Unemployment
  2. Job Security in Australia and New Zealand
  3. Finding a New Job If Unemployed

1. Unemployment

Respondents were first asked: "In the next 12 months, do you expect the number of unemployed to increase a lot, to increase slightly, remain the same, fall slightly, or fall a lot?"

Australians are feeling more optimistic about employment in 2003, with 56% (up 16%) saying unemployment will fall or stay the same (19% say fall, 36% say stay the same, 1% couldn't say) while 44% (down 16% since last year) expect unemployment to rise. 44% (down 10%) of British, 43% (down 6%) of Americans and 37% (up 1%) of New Zealanders also believe unemployment will rise in 2003.

People from the Netherlands expect unemployment to increase the most in 2003 (79%, up 11%), followed by Indians (77%, up 18%), Portuguese (76%, up 29%) and those from Zimbabwe (72%, down 4%).

Only 29% (down 13%) of Ukrainians expect unemployment to rise. Nigerians are the most optimistic, in regards to unemployment with 45% expecting it to fall.


 

Expect Unemployment to . . .

Increase

Increase

Remain the same

Fall

Don't know

2002

2003

2003

2003

2003

   

%

%

%

%

           

Netherlands

68

79

12

6

3

India

59

77

12

10

1

Portugal

47

76

10

10

4

Zimbabwe

76

72

12

9

7

Luxembourg

55

72

17

8

3

Japan

77

70

12

7

11

Uganda

*

69

18

9

4

Switzerland

68

69

16

13

2

Ecuador

58

67

20

10

3

Philippines

76

67

17

10

6

Germany

63

66

19

14

1

Korea

64

66

14

15

5

Guatemala

*

66

18

12

4

Congo

*

65

16

8

11

Ireland

68

65

17

12

6

Belgium

62

65

18

14

3

South Africa

59

64

16

14

6

Dominican Rep

*

64

17

19

0

Yugoslavia

61

61

16

14

9

France

56

59

28

10

3

Greece

61

57

22

11

10

Italy

44

56

30

10

4

Cameroon

47

55

13

27

5

Denmark

35

53

29

16

2

Uruguay

42

52

26

20

2

Mexico

52

52

27

20

1

Iceland

67

51

29

15

5

Czech Rep.

48

51

29

15

5

Poland

69

51

28

14

7

Tanzania

*

51

20

16

13

Finland

56

51

33

10

6

Austria

67

48

33

11

8

Pakistan

53

47

20

17

16

Estonia

69

47

36

13

4

Kosovo

35

46

14

36

4

Bulgaria

41

46

25

9

20

Romania

61

45

18

24

13

Australia

60

44

36

19

1

Hong Kong

66

44

25

30

1

UK excl. NI

54

44

31

16

9

Peru

41

44

35

16

5

Panama

*

43

22

35

0

USA

49

43

24

30

3

Spain

46

43

33

14

10

Lithuania

67

42

32

21

5

Malaysia

53

42

24

22

12

Croatia

44

40

30

21

9

Slovak Rep.

43

38

28

25

9

Russia

38

38

44

14

4

New Zealand

36

37

29

31

3

Georgia

30

37

28

20

15

Kenya

76

36

22

38

4

Sweden

54

36

38

24

2

Latvia

40

35

40

14

11

Nigeria

*

30

11

45

14

Bosnia/ Herzgovia

29

30

28

38

4

Fyrmacedonia

54

30

27

35

8

Ukraine

42

29

36

12

23

* Not surveyed


2. Job Security

Those respondents surveyed who work full-time or part-time were then asked: "Do you think your present job is safe, or do you think there's a chance you may become unemployed?"

More than three-quarters (79%, up 4%) of Australians feel that their job is safe, with 19% saying there is a chance of unemployment and 1% don't know. However, Malaysians feel the safest in their job with 86% (up 8%) believing that their present job is safe. British (85%, up 9%), Americans (81%, down 2%) and New Zealanders (81%, down 3%) also feel secure in their job.

Sixty-eight percent (up 13%) of Poles think there is a chance of unemployment. As do 68% (up 1%) of people from Peru and 60% (up 1%) from Bulgaria.


 

Job Security:

Present job safe

Present job safe

Chance of unemployment

Don't know

 

2002

2003

2003

2003

 

%

%

%

%

         

Malaysia

78

86

10

4

UK excl. NI

76

85

12

3

Denmark

85

83

16

1

USA

79

81

17

2

New Zealand

84

81

14

5

Luxembourg

81

81

18

1

Iceland

85

80

17

3

Australia

75

79

19

2

Netherlands

83

79

13

8

Nigeria

*

78

14

8

Sweden

80

76

22

2

Germany

79

74

26

0

Ireland

74

74

12

14

Portugal

76

73

26

1

Finland

67

71

23

6

Switzerland

65

71

22

7

Pakistan

63

69

17

14

Austria

69

69

22

9

Italy

75

66

22

12

India

59

66

32

2

France

71

65

32

3

Spain

70

65

32

3

Belgium

71

64

32

4

Tanzania

*

60

29

11

Estonia

58

60

36

4

Congo

*

60

28

12

Panama

*

57

38

5

Kenya

49

57

36

7

Russia

68

57

41

2

Hong Kong

57

56

42

2

Zimbabwe

56

56

34

10

Mexico

63

56

39

5

Georgia

45

56

33

11

Romania

56

55

32

13

Korea

58

55

40

5

Greece

52

53

38

9

Croatia

48

52

37

11

Latvia

43

51

43

6

Philippines

62

49

39

12

Dominican Rep

*

48

12

40

Ukraine

48

48

38

14

Ecuador

54

46

47

7

Uganda

*

46

49

5

Fyrmacedonia

43

45

50

5

South Africa

41

44

41

15

Slovak Rep.

39

44

40

16

Guatemala

*

44

48

8

Czech Rep.

40

43

44

13

Cameroon

43

41

42

17

Bosnia/ Herz

34

41

49

10

Yugoslavia

31

41

46

13

Uruguay

60

40

54

6

Lithuania

36

39

57

4

Kosovo

47

39

58

3

Japan

31

30

25

45

Bulgaria

25

26

60

14

Peru

33

26

68

6

Poland

34

23

68

9

* Not surveyed

3. Finding a New Job if Unemployed

Those surveyed who work full-time or part-time were also asked: "If you became unemployed, do you think you'd be able to find a new job fairly quickly - or do you think it might take longer?"

Over two-thirds (66%, up 12%) of Australians believe they could find a new job fairly quickly if they became unemployed, while 29% (down 10%) believe it might take longer to find a new job and 5% (down 2%) either wouldn't look for a new job or couldn't say. Yet, it is the British who have the strongest belief in their ability to find a new job with 71% (up 10%) thinking that if they were unemployed they would find a job quickly. Similarly, 67% of New Zealanders and 64% of Americans also have this positive outlook.

In contrast, only 5% (down 5%) of Ukrainians, 9% (down 4%) of those from Peru and 9% of Japanese think that they would find a job quickly. Twenty-two percent of people from Zimbabwe would not look for a job once they were unemployed.

 

Finding a New Job if Unemployed

Find a new job quickly

Find a new job quickly

May take longer

Wouldn't look

Don't know

 

2002

2003

2003

2003

2003

 

%

%

%

%

%

           

UK excl. NI

61

71

23

4

2

New Zealand

58

67

26

2

5

Australia

54

66

29

3

2

Denmark

73

65

27

5

3

Sweden

65

65

29

2

4

USA

59

64

32

2

2

Netherlands

59

60

29

6

5

France

48

52

40

4

6

Finland

43

45

38

9

8

Luxembourg

51

45

47

5

3

Mexico

34

45

47

2

7

Belgium

55

43

41

13

3

Russia

44

43

52

3

2

Germany

50

41

57

1

1

Ireland

43

40

35

5

20

Spain

46

39

55

1

5

India

22

38

48

12

2

Malaysia

29

38

49

8

5

Congo

*

36

49

6

9

Czech Rep.

35

35

51

5

9

Nigeria

*

35

35

6

24

Austria

35

35

45

7

13

Latvia

41

34

59

2

5

Italy

42

34

51

6

9

Tanzania

*

32

47

9

12

Iceland

28

31

59

0

10

Estonia

30

30

63

5

2

Panama

*

29

63

2

6

Korea

31

29

56

10

5

Philippines

40

29

50

8

13

Slovak Rep.

25

29

44

5

22

Kenya

25

27

50

11

12

Zimbabwe

27

27

41

22

10

Cameroon

26

27

54

3

16

Dominican Rep

*

26

32

2

40

Hong Kong

22

25

66

5

4

Portugal

37

25

65

4

6

Croatia

25

24

57

4

15

Lithuania

28

23

66

4

7

Guatemala

*

22

73

2

3

Fyrmacedonia

20

22

61

1

16

Romania

24

22

53

5

20

Greece

23

21

62

6

11

Ukraine

20

21

46

13

20

Yugoslavia

48

21

49

7

23

Switzerland

20

20

58

13

9

Bosnia & Herzgovia

13

20

60

4

16

Kosovo

21

20

72

2

6

Uganda

*

19

62

8

11

South Africa

15

18

62

9

11

Georgia

8

18

57

6

19

Ecuador

25

17

72

7

4

Pakistan

16

16

51

9

24

Bulgaria

12

13

72

3

12

Poland

16

11

64

8

17

Japan

9

9

58

6

27

Peru

13

9

84

4

3

Uruguay

10

5

82

9

4

 

* Not surveyed

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