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COVID-19 is the most important problem facing the World and Australia – just ahead of Global Warming & Climate Change

Source: Roy Morgan interviewed a representative cross-section of around 1,000 Australians each interviewing period from November 2005 – September 2021.
In late 2021 new in-depth research exploring the concerns of Australians has found COVID-19 and related health issues to be the top issue facing both Australia and the world at large although in a clear second place are environmental issues led by ‘Global Warming’ and ‘Climate Change’ before the upcoming United Nations ‘Conference of the Parties’ Climate Summit in Scotland.

Most important problems facing Australia

Quantified thematic analysis of the verbatim responses of a nationally representative sample of 1,024 Australians found health and COVID-19 related issues including the pandemic itself, the economic impact of the pandemic and the global recovery as well as the restrictions, border controls and vaccines were the largest group of issues mentioned by 36% of Australians as the most important problem facing Australia.

Environmental issues are mentioned by 24% of Australians and in a clear second place and dominated by issues surrounding ‘Global Warming’ and ‘Climate Change’ that are set to be discussed at UN Climate Summit being held in Scotland during the next few weeks. Environmental issues have declined significantly since reaching a high point of 41% two years ago in October 2019 before a Summer of bushfires.

Economic issues, which have traditionally been the leading problem identified by Australians, were mentioned by only 12% of respondents while there were 6% that mentioned issues related to Terrorism/ Wars/ Security. 

Most important problems facing Australia – long-term trends (2005-2021)

Source: Roy Morgan interviewed a representative cross-section of around 1,000 Australians each interviewing period from November 2005 – September 2021.

Most important issues facing the World

When considering the wider World, the largest theme to emerge was again concerns related to the Health & COVID-19, mentioned by just over 33% of Australians – easily the highest for Health-related issues in the sixteen-year history of the survey.

In second place was Environmental issues such as ‘Global Warming’ and ‘Climate Change’ mentioned by 29% of Australians, but well down from the 46% who mentioned these types of issues in October 2019.

Australians consistently regarded Economic issues such as Poverty and the gap between rich and poor as one of the leading set of issues facing the World between 2008-2014, but since then other sets of issues have increased in prominence. Only 11% of Australians mentioned Economic issues on this survey and even fewer, 8%, mentioned issues related to Terrorism/ Wars/ Security. 

Most important problems facing the World – long-term trends (2005-2021)

Source: Roy Morgan interviewed a representative cross-section of around 1,000 Australians each interviewing period from November 2005 – September 2021.

COVID-19 and Climate change/Global warming dominate the most important issues

Single issue analysis of the responses shows the specific issue of greatest concern for Australia is Climate change/Global warming mentioned by 22% of Australians while a suite of issues related to different aspects of COVID-19 are mentioned by a third of Australians (33%).

The different parts of COVID-19 reported by respondents include the disease/control/pandemic (19%), economic impact/ recovery/ global economic impact (6%), travel restrictions/border controls (4%) and vaccinations/immunisation/needles (4%).

Well behind these two dominant issues is Australia’s relations with China/ our neighbours/ other countries mentioned by just over 4% of Australians as the biggest issue.

The top World problems also relate to Climate change/Global warming and COVID-19

A clear majority of over 57% of Australians mentioned either Climate change/Global warming or issues related to COVID-19 as the biggest problems facing the World.

Over a quarter of Australians (26%) mentioned Climate change/Global warming as the biggest problem facing the World while a further 31% mentioned an issue related to COVID-19. The aspects of COVID-19 mentioned include the disease/control/pandemic (22%), economic impact/recovery/global economic impact (4%), vaccinations/immunisation/needles (3%) and travel restrictions/border controls (2%).

Other important issues to be widely mentioned include Social apathy/ Family breakdowns/ Selfishness/ Moral decline mentioned by 6% of Australians and Poverty and the gap between rich and poor mentioned by just under 5% of Australians.

Comparing the leading issues within each broader category for Australia and the World

Source: Roy Morgan interviewed a representative cross-section of 1,024 Australians in September 2021.

Michele Levine, Chief Executive Officer Roy Morgan, says:

“In late 2021 the COVID-19 pandemic and issues surrounding Climate change and Global warming are the dominant issues. Over 60% of Australians say one of these issues is the biggest problem facing Australia and even more, 63%, say these issues are the biggest problems facing the World.

“Australians have been dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic for well over 18 months now and with Sydney, Canberra and, later this week Melbourne, finally re-opening as vaccination rates increase rapidly we may finally be nearing the end of the pandemic – at least that is the hope.

“In terms of COVID-19 most Australians refer simply to the disease itself and the health crisis as the biggest problem facing Australia (19%) or the World (22%). A far smaller cohort zero in on the economic challenges and global recovery (Australia (6%) cf. World (4%)), travel restrictions and border closures (Australia (4%) cf. World (2%)) and vaccine issues (Australia (4%) cf. World (3%)).

“The other big set of issues are Environmental issues led by Climate change and Global warming mentioned by 24% as the biggest set of problems facing Australia and mentioned by 29% as the biggest set of problems facing the World.

“Although still in a clear second place concern about the Environmental issues as a whole is down significantly from late 2019 when a record high 41% named them as the most important problems facing Australia and an even higher 46% named them as the most important problems facing the World.

“Environmental issues such as Climate change and Global warming have been at the front of the news over the past few weeks as Prime Minister Scott Morrison tries to change the government’s policy to target ‘Net Zero Carbon Dioxide emissions’ by 2050 – a position that is firmly opposed by several members of coalition partner the National Party.

“The Prime Minister’s desire to update the government’s policy on Climate change is clearly driven by several factors including the public interest in setting a more ambitious target as well as ‘crude’ electoral politics as several Liberal MPs facing election next year are in inner city electorates and facing strong challenges from independents urging action on the issue.

“Although we are not sure exactly when next year’s Federal Election will be held it appears certain that the Government’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and its approach to dealing with the challenges of Climate change and Global warming are set to be key issues for voters in early 2022.”


The research was conducted in Australia, during September 15-20, 2021, with a nationally representative sample of 1,024 men and women aged 14 or over. Respondents were asked: “What do you think is the most important problem facing the World today?” and “What do you think is the most important problem facing Australia today?”  

These findings come from a special Roy Morgan study of Australians’ attitudes towards issues facing Australia and the World in the future. The research conducted was both qualitative (in that people were asked to use their own words) and quantitative (in that the ‘open-ended’ responses were analysed and ‘coded’ so that the results could be counted and reported as percentages).

The main themes highlighted cover a wide range of specific issues listed here.

Economic Issues: Financial problems, Cost of living, Rising prices, Money issues, Unemployment, Taxation (General), Mining Tax, Other Taxes, Poverty, The gap between rich and poor, Economic problems, Housing affordability, Homelessness/Lack of housing, Over-population, Globalisation, Fairer world trade and others.

Religion/Human Rights: Religion, Religious fundamentalism, Human rights, Refugees, Asylum seekers, Boat people, Refugee and asylum problems, Detention of refugees, Immigration/Immigration policy, Intolerance, Racism, Racial tension, Aboriginal issues/health/rights, Multiculturalism, Integration and Assimilation and others.

Government/Politics: Government, Politics, Leadership, Political system, Government spending, Courage to lead, Lack of vision, Politicians, Scott Morrison, Anthony Albanese, Barnaby Joyce, Boris Johnson, Brexit, Donald Trump, other politicians and others.

Social Issues: Social apathy, Family breakdowns, Selfishness, Moral decline, Social welfare, Welfare dependency, Youth issues – Homelessness, apathy, discipline, Drugs and drug abuse, Education, Crime, Law and order, Anger, Violence, Aggression and others.

Environmental Issues: Global warming, Climate change, Water conservation, Drought, Murray-Darling Basin, Pollution, Rubbish, Famine, Food shortages, Cutting down rainforests, Desertification, Concerns about Global warming/Climate change are exaggerated and other Environmental issues.

Energy/Fuel/Power: Energy crisis, Energy infrastructure, Power stations, Power supply Energy supply, Power crisis, Coal-fired power stations, Renewable energy, Wind-power, Solar-power, Electricity prices, Sustainable management of natural resources, Depletion of Fossil fuels, Petrol prices.

Terrorism/Wars: Wars, Conflicts, Middle East, North Korea, Iraq, Syria, ISIS, Hong Kong, Afghanistan, Ukraine, Terrorism, Terrorists, Al-Qaeda, Bombings, Shootings, Security, Safety, World peace, UN.

Health Issues: Hospitals, Private health insurance (PHI), Health cover, Aged care, Disability care, Health system, General Health services and other Health-related issues, COVID-19 – the pandemic, disease, control, economic impact, global recovery, immunisations, vaccines, needles, travel restrictions, border closures.

More information about the breakdown of these issues amongst different age groups, genders, states and regions, generations and Roy Morgan’s leading market segmentation tools are available for purchase.

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About Roy Morgan

Roy Morgan is the largest independent Australian research company, with offices throughout Australia, as well as in Indonesia, the United States and the United Kingdom. A full service research organisation specialising in omnibus and syndicated data, Roy Morgan has over 70 years’ experience in collecting objective, independent information on consumers.

Margin of Error

The margin of error to be allowed for in any estimate depends mainly on the number of interviews on which it is based. Margin of error gives indications of the likely range within which estimates would be 95% likely to fall, expressed as the number of percentage points above or below the actual estimate. Allowance for design effects (such as stratification and weighting) should be made as appropriate.

Sample Size

Percentage Estimate

40%-60%

25% or 75%

10% or 90%

5% or 95%

1,000

±3.0

±2.7

±1.9

±1.3

5,000

±1.4

±1.2

±0.8

±0.6

7,500

±1.1

±1.0

±0.7

±0.5

10,000

±1.0

±0.9

±0.6

±0.4

20,000

±0.7

±0.6

±0.4

±0.3

50,000

±0.4

±0.4

±0.3

±0.2